The Barber of Seville, or The Useless Precaution (Italian: Il barbiere di Siviglia, ossia L'inutile precauzione) is an opera buffa in two acts by Gioachino Rossini with an Italian libretto by Cesare Sterbini. The libretto was based on Pierre Beaumarchais's French comedy Le Barbier de Séville (1775). The première of Rossini's opera (under the title Almaviva, o sia L'inutile precauzione) took place on 20 February 1816 at the Teatro Argentina, Rome.
Rossini's Barber has proven to be one of the greatest masterpieces of comedy within music, and has been described as the opera buffa of all "opere buffe". Even after two hundred years, it remains a popular work.
Ticket price – 100-450 som
In the 18th century, at the house of a doctor, Bartolo, keeps his niece, Rosina, confined in his house. He is her guardian. Rosina inherited a great deal of money from her parents. Bartolo attempts to get both the beautiful girl and extensive inheritance by getting her to marry him.
Count Almaviva, an aristocrat in Spain, falls in love with Rosina. Almaviva calls himself “Lindoro”, a poor student, to conceal his high status, and he serenades her. But he can’t meet her for Bartolo’s stringent control.
Count Almaviva asks Figaro, a barber in Siviglia, to help with the success of his love. Figaro as the barber enters Bartolo’s house, and he suggests to Almaviva to disguise himself as a drunken soldier billeted to Bartolo’s house. But Bartolo is skeptical about Almaviva disguised as a soldier. This plan doesn’t go well.
The following plan becomes successful. Almaviva disguises himself as a pupil of a music teacher, Basilio. Basilio is Bartolo’s right hand man. Almaviva can enter Bartolo’s house, and during a music lesson is able to make promise with Rosina to run away and marry. Then, Figaro steals the key of the balcony window while he shaves Bartolo.
After Almaviva and Figaro leave Bartolo’s house, Bartolo tells Rosina that Lindoro attempts to sell her to Count Almaviva. Rosina gets angry, and says she will marry Bartolo or any man. Bartolo is pleased, and calls a public notary over.
That same night, Almaviva and Figaro steal into Bartolo’s house through the balcony window. At first Rosina rebuffs “Lindoro,” but when Almaviva explains that Lindoro and Almaviva are one and the same person, her confusion is cleared up.
At that moment, the notary arrives, so Almaviva marrys Rosina in the room. Bartolo enters the room, but it is too late now. Almaviva tells Bartolo to take Rosina’s extensive inheritance for himself. So Bartolo is satisfied with the outcome, too.